Jigsaw on Wednesday announced the release of a new app, Intra, designed to protect Android users against the manipulation of DNS resolutions, a commonly used practice among repressive regimes to prohibit users from accessing information deemed off-limits by the state.
In Iran, for example, certain websites redirect to a government censorship page because, once queried, internet service providers, acting on the government’s behalf, automatically return a false IP address. The same is true of China’s Great Firewall (GFW), which returns false and, often instead, seemingly erratic IP addresses in response to DNS queries to government-blocked domains. Hundreds of websites are likewise blocked in Pakistan, and the list goes on.
DNS manipulation, often used in conjunction with IP blocking, provides authoritarian governments the means to suppress information viewed by those in power as objectionable, or religiously or politically unacceptable. When a user attempts to reach an internet domain—gizmodo.com, for instance—the computer queries Domain Name System (DNS) servers for the IP address linked to that domain. In the case of China, the GFW maintains a massive list of blacklisted domains. When a person using the Chinese internet attempts to reach a blacklisted site, the GFW will not pair the domain with its actual IP address, but instead injects a fake DNS reply containing a wrong IP, often leading to a random, more government-friendly site instead.
Intra works, according to its creators, by simply encrypting the user’s connection to the DNS server. By default, it points to Google’s own DNS servers (Jigsaw’s parent company, Alphabet, also owns Google), but for users who prefer to use another (Cloudflare or IBM’s Quad9, for example) those settings can be changed within the app.
According to CNET, DNS queries will be encrypted by default in an updated version of Android Pie. Reportedly, however, around 80 percent of Android users aren’t using the latest version of the Android operating system. For those, Intra is now available in Google Play.
- Play against other people online! Can YOU become the longest player of the day?
- Watch out - if your head touches another player, you will explode and then it's game over. But if you get other players to run into YOU, then THEY will explode and you can eat their remains!
- In slither.io, you have a fighting chance to win even if you're tiny! If you're a nimble navigator, you can swerve in front of a much larger player to defeat them - no matter what size you are!
- The longest player of the day gets to set a victory message that the ENTIRE WORLD will see!
- Google search engine.
Search Engine For Google
- google search
- google map
Amazon eGift Card
- Amazon.com Gift Cards never expire and carry no fees.
- Multiple gift card designs and denominations to choose from.
- Redeemable towards millions of items store-wide at Amazon.com or certain affiliated websites.
- Available for immediate delivery or schedule up to a year in advance.
- No returns and no refunds on Gift Cards.
- Use your current Netflix membership on your Fire tablet
- Watch your favorite movies and TV shows as often as you want
- Resume watching where you left off on your TV or computer
- Browse movies and manage your instant queue
- Search by title or use genre listings
- Get access to files anywhere through secure cloud storage and file backup for your photos, videos, files and more with Google Drive.
Introducing Google Play
Your favorite entertainment is now all in one place, always accessible on the web and across your Android devices. Learn more at http://play.google.com/about ...
Global Security Alliance, Global Security Analyst, Global Security Concepts, Global Security Report, Global Security Solutions